KNOW THE CAUSE AND TREATMENT OF SENSITIVE TEETH.
Sensitive teeth refers to dental pain which is sharp , sudden but for short duration arising from exposed dentin which is a soft tissue just below the hard enamel that protects your teeth . Sensitivity of the teeth occurs due to the exposure of dentin (the part of the tooth which covers the nerve) , either through loss of the enamel layer or recession of the gums.
Sensitive teeth occurs when consuming cold ,hot ,acidic or particularly sweet beverages. One in five adults suffers from sensitive teeth, ignoring teeth sensitivity or expecting it to get better on its own can worsen your problem in future .
CAUSES OF SENSITIVE TEETH.
1) Tooth Decay ( cavities ) : Sensitive teeth can be a sign of cavities, when cavity starts to occur the tooth structure becomes soft and more porous where the enamel layer can no longer protect the tooth sufficiently and causes the tooth to become sensitive.
2) Hard Brushing : brushing too hard is a common cause of sensitive teeth , many of them have a habit of brushing too hard which wear away the enamel layer and cause teeth to be sensitive.
3) Tooth erosion: this is loss of tooth enamel caused by attacks of acid from acidic food and drinks. If enamel is worn away, the dentin underneath is exposed which may lead to sensitivity. Gums may naturally recede, and the roots of the teeth become exposed and can be more sensitive. Root surfaces do not have an enamel layer to protect them.
4) Tooth abscess: an infection of the tooth or gum can eat away the enamel too , eventually this can create an abscess that must be removed in order to stop the pain or sensitivity .Tooth abscess can also result in swollen jaws, swollen lymph nodes, fever, bad breath.
5) Taking highly acidic foods and drinks: highly acidic foods and drinks wear away your teeth’s enamel , leaving you susceptible to tooth sensitivity and tooth decay and can also cause the gum line to recede , which exposes the nerves and teeth sensitivity can occur.
6) Broken tooth/Cracked tooth: any dental injuries can lead to broken tooth/ cracked tooth which might expose the nerves leading to a teeth sensitivity and pain while taking hot or cold beverages or while chewing food.
7) Gingivitis: it means inflammation of the gums which can lead to sensitivity due to accumulation of plaque on the teeth and gum line.
8) Gingival recession: If you’re noticing that your gums are starting to separate away from your teeth, then it means your gums are receding . This exposes dentin tubules which lead to the sensitive teeth, be sure to consult your dentist and obtain a proper treatment.
9) Teeth whitening : as teeth whitening contains abrasive agents which can lead to sensitivity of your teeth . Most home tooth whitening kits feature hydrogen peroxide, which is known to cause teeth whitening sensitivity for some people. If you try a product and experience painful sensitivity , stop using it immediately and consult with a dental professional.
10)Teeth Grinding: if you grind your teeth either due to habit or stress – a condition called bruxism can wear down the enamel which could lead to sensitivity. Since people commonly grind their teeth at night, talk to your dentist and he will give you night guard to protect your teeth .
TREATMENT OF SENSITIVE TEETH.
1) Use desensitizing toothpaste: there are several brands of toothpaste for sensitive teeth available .Try fluoridated toothpaste for sensitive teeth or its better you consult your dentist who will recommend you the best and effective toothpaste. Try spreading a thin layer on the teeth surface and leave it for 2 min and brush with the same toothpaste with soft bristle brush.
2) Sodium fluoride gel : This gel can be applied on sensitive teeth which strengthens tooth enamel and reduces the transmission of sensations and after applying spit out the gel (do not swallow) it can give you temporary relief .It’s always better to consult your dentist first for better result.
3) Use soft bristle toothbrush: using soft bristle brush can help you prevent from wearing away of enamel surface which can further prevent you from causing any sensitive problem. Do not brush straight after eating as some foods and drinks can soften the enamel of your teeth, so leave it for at least an hour before you brush.
4) Use fluoridated mouthwash daily: regular rinsing with fluoridated mouthwash can actually bring relief to many who suffer from teeth sensitivity. A mouthwash for sensitive teeth contains ingredients that help numb nerve endings and strengthen tooth enamel and can reduce sensitivity.
5) Maintain good oral hygiene : be sure to clean all parts of your mouth , including between the teeth and along the gum line. Use of fluoridated toothpaste and mouthwash & use of dental floss to clean between teeth can help you maintain good oral hygiene.
6) Avoid teeth whitening at home: as teeth whitening products contain abrasive agents Most home tooth whitening kits feature hydrogen peroxide, which is known to cause teeth whitening sensitivity for some people. If you try a product and experience painful sensitivity , stop using it immediately and consult with a dental professional.
7) Avoid highly acidic foods: acidic foods and drinks can worn away the enamel leading to sensitivity, so its better to avoid food which is highly acidic like soda , citrus drink.
At dental office-
1) Application of fluoride varnish: if fluoride varnish is applied to the sensitive teeth in your mouth, this can help to reduce some of the pain and discomfort by strengthening your enamel and dentin.
2) Dental cleaning: dental cleaning will help removal of plaque formation on the teeth surface and gum line which will help you to prevent from sensitivity.
3) Filling of tooth cavity : any small or big cavity of a tooth can lead to sensitivity to hot , cold or sweet beverages so filling of a tooth can prevent it from sensitivity.
4) Treatment of bruxism (teeth grinding) : if you are suffering from sensitive teeth because of bruxism ( i.e. grinding your teeth often while you sleep) your dentist will take an impression of your teeth and then will prepare a night guard that you can wear during night. By protecting your teeth from pressure and damage , this night guard can be highly effective at reducing the pain caused by sensitive teeth.
5) Deep bite can lead to teeth wear: if you have a deep bite where your lower teeth are slightly visible or not at all visible while you smile then that can be corrected by orthodontic treatment.
6) Root canal treatment: if all else treatment fails , your dentist may decide that root canal treatment will be a permanent solution. This procedure can effectively compensate for sensitive teeth by removing the soft pulp inside the tooth.
7) Surgical gum graft: If gum tissue has been lost from the root , surgical gum graft will protect the root and reduce sensitivity if the gum tissue which has eroded from the root.
8) Treatment of receding gums: if you have receding gums due to age or a persistent case of gum disease , sensitive teeth will often develop because of root exposure . if you have sensitive teeth because of exposed roots, bonding agents can be very good solution. In this type of case , your dentist will help you by using a particular sealant to cover the area that is causing you to experience pain .